Wednesday, October 14, 2015

How Isis uses oil to fuel its jihad - The Irish Times


http://www.irishtimes.com/business/economy/how-isis-uses-oil-to-fuel-its-jihad-1.2392006

"...
“It’s a situation that makes you laugh and cry,” said one Syrian rebel commander in Aleppo, who buys diesel from Isis areas even as his forces fight the group on the front lines. “But we have no other choice, and we are a poor man’s revolution. Is anyone else offering to give us fuel?”
Isis’ oil strategy has been long in the making. Since the group emerged on the scene in Syria in 2013, long before they reached Mosul in Iraq, the jihadis saw oil as a crutch for their vision for an Islamic state. The group’s shura council identified it as fundamental for the survival of the insurgency and, more importantly, to finance their ambition to create a caliphate.
Most of the oil Isis controls is in Syria’s oil-rich east, where it created a foothold in 2013, shortly after withdrawing from the north-west - an area of strategic importance but with no oil. These bridgeheads were then used to consolidate control over the whole of eastern Syria after the fall of Mosul in 2014...."
 
-bth: this is an excellent article about how IS is using access to diesel fuel to stay financially independent and to squeeze the other Syrian rebels left to fight Assad's regime, IS itself and to buy diesel from IS out of necessity.


 

Qualitative Comparative Analysis as a two step approach

This is a very interesting paper on using Qualitative Comparative Analysis in social sciences. In particular the use of a two step process to reduce the number of variables - a critical step when there is limited diversity in the data and more particularly to remain relevant to reality.

https://disc.ceu.edu/sites/default/files/publications/schneider-wagemann-ejpr-2006.pdf

Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Turkish Foreign Natural Gas Suppliers - Zerohedge


bth: It is difficult to see how Turkey could function with 77% of its natural gas imports coming from countries it is opening hostile to right now in Syria.